Citation Oil and Gas

The diffusion of patented oil and gas technology with environmental
November 30, 2016 – 11:19 pm

Cover imageKnowledge spillovers from oil and gas inventions are of an intrasectoral nature.

Environmental uses in original patents diffuse to patents with environmental uses.

The “turnabout” effect converts low quality patents into high quality citing patents.

Diffusion of oil and gas inventions need more ad hoc instruments.

Relevant advances in the mitigation of environmental impact could be obtained by the appropriate diffusion of existing environmental technologies. In this paper, we look at the diffusion of knowledge related to environmental technologies developed within the oil and gas industry. To assess knowledge spillovers from oil and gas inventions as a measure of technology diffusion, we rely on forward patent citations methodology. Results show that there is a strong likelihood that the citing patent will be eventually linked to environmental technologies if the original oil and gas invention has already environmental uses. Moreover, both intra and intersectoral spillovers produce a “turnabout” effect, meaning that citing patents show the opposite quality level of the cited patent. Our results support the idea that more sector-specific environmental policies, with an emphasis on diffusion, would significantly improve the use of environmental technologies developed within the oil and gas industry.

Keywords

  • Forward patent citations;
  • Petroleum industry;
  • Technology flows;
  • Environmental and technology policies
Source: www.sciencedirect.com
You might also like
How to Fix Pull Start Recoil and Rope Replacement!
How to Fix... Pull Start Recoil and Rope Replacement!
Firing up the old Simplicity and an oil change
Firing up the old Simplicity and an oil change
3M 3M OCS1135 Ear Soft Yellow Neons, Earplugs (Case of 200)
BISS (3M)
  • Soft, pliable foam offers comfort for wearing over an extended time
  • Earplugs are easy to roll down for quick and easy insertions
  • Poly bag keeps each pair of earplugs clean before use
  • Bright yellow allows quick compliance checks
  • Noise Reduction Rating (NRR) 33 dB, CSA Class AL
  • Noise Reduction Rating of 33 dB
  • Highest NRR available
  • Self-adjusting foam provides low-pressure seal
  • Dermatologically safe foam is nonirritating to skin
  • Made in the U.S.A.
AO Safety 3M OCS1137 Classic Earplugs in Pillow Pak (Case of 200)
Home Improvement (AO Safety)
  • 3M E-A-R Classic Earplugs set the standard in hearing protection as the world s first foam earplugs
  • Slow recovery, low pressure foam conforms to the shape of the ear canal for enhanced comfort and wearability
  • Moisture resistance helps maintain a consistent expansion time, even in humid situations
  • Noise Reduction Rating (NRR) 29 dB. CSA Class AL
  • Flame resistant for potential arc flash situations and safer storage
  • Noise Reduction Rating of 29 dB
  • Moisture-resistant dermatological ally safe foam is not irritating
  • Slow recovery PVC foam provides comfort with low pressure
  • Comfortable and easy to use
  • Made in the U.S.A.
Oil and Gas Industry Guidelines
Oil and Gas Industry Guidelines
Oil and Gas Drilling Engineering, Petroleum H2S Safety
Oil and Gas Drilling Engineering, Petroleum H2S Safety ...
AO Safety 3M 340-4004 EAR Ultrafit Corded Earplugs, 100-Pair
Home Improvement (AO Safety)
  • NRR 25 dB
  • Patented triple flange design gives the most comfortable fit of any reusable plug
  • Conforms to oval shape of ear
  • Washable, promotes worker hygiene
  • No rolling or touching plug portion during insertion
Popular Q&A
avatar
What is the gas oil mix for a 1985 ski doo citation?

Its Either 40:1 or 50:1 but you should consult your local Ski-Doo dealer just to be sure

Related Posts